ContentProvider往通讯录添加联系人和获取联系人

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在Android中,可以使用ContentResolver对通信录中的数据进行添加、删除、修改和查询操作。

在对联系人进行操作时需加入以下两个权限  

<!-- 添加操作联系人的权限 -->
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CONTACTS" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CONTACTS" />
<!-- 联系人相关的uri -->
content://com.android.contacts/contacts 操作的数据是联系人信息Uri
content://com.android.contacts/data/phones 联系人电话Uri
content://com.android.contacts/data/emails 联系人Email Uri            

一、清单文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?><manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="com.ljq.contact" android:versionCode="1" android:versionName="1.0"> <application android:icon="@drawable/icon" android:label="@string/app_name"> <uses-library android:name="android.test.runner" /> <activity android:name=".ContactActivity" android:label="@string/app_name"> <intent-filter> <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" /> <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" /> </intent-filter> </activity> </application> <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="7" /> <instrumentation android:name="android.test.InstrumentationTestRunner" android:targetPackage="com.ljq.contact" android:label="Tests for My App" /> <!-- 添加联系人权限 --> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_CONTACTS" /> <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_CONTACTS" /></manifest>
复制代码

          

             

获取联系人和添加联系人

package com.ljq.contact;import java.util.ArrayList;import android.content.ContentProviderOperation;import android.content.ContentProviderResult;import android.content.ContentResolver;import android.content.ContentUris;import android.content.ContentValues;import android.database.Cursor;import android.net.Uri;import android.provider.ContactsContract;import android.provider.ContactsContract.Data;import android.provider.ContactsContract.RawContacts;import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email;import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone;import android.provider.ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredName;import android.test.AndroidTestCase;import android.util.Log;public class ContactTest extends AndroidTestCase{ private static final String TAG = "ContactTest"; /** * 获取通讯录中联系人 */ public void testGetContact(){ ContentResolver contentResolver = this.getContext().getContentResolver(); Uri uri = Uri.parse("content://com.android.contacts/contacts"); Cursor cursor = contentResolver.query(uri, null, null, null, null); while(cursor.moveToNext()){ // 获取联系人姓名 StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(); String contactId = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts._ID)); String name = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts.DISPLAY_NAME)); sb.append("contactId=").append(contactId).append(",name=").append(name); //获取联系人手机号码 Cursor phones = contentResolver.query(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTENT_URI, null, ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTACT_ID +" = "+ contactId, null, null); while(phones.moveToNext()){ String phone = phones.getString(phones.getColumnIndex("data1")); sb.append(",phone=").append(phone); } //获取联系人email Cursor emails = contentResolver.query(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.CONTENT_URI, null, ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.CONTACT_ID + " = " + contactId, null, null); while(emails.moveToNext()){ String email = emails.getString(emails.getColumnIndex("data1")); sb.append(",email=").append(email); } Log.i(TAG, sb.toString()); } } /** * 首先向RawContacts.CONTENT_URI执行一个空值插入,目的是获取系统返回的rawContactId * * 这是后面插入data表的数据,只有执行空值插入,才能使插入的联系人在通讯录里可见 */ public void testInsert(){ ContentValues values = new ContentValues(); //首先向RawContacts.CONTENT_URI执行一个空值插入,目的是获取系统返回的rawContactId Uri rawContactUri = this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI, values); long rawContactId = ContentUris.parseId(rawContactUri); //往data表入姓名数据 values.clear(); values.put(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactId); values.put(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE); values.put(StructuredName.GIVEN_NAME, "zhangsan"); this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert( android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI, values); //往data表入电话数据 values.clear(); values.put(android.provider.ContactsContract.Contacts.Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactId); values.put(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE); values.put(Phone.NUMBER, "5554"); values.put(Phone.TYPE, Phone.TYPE_MOBILE); this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert( android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI, values); //往data表入Email数据 values.clear(); values.put(android.provider.ContactsContract.Contacts.Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactId); values.put(Data.MIMETYPE, Email.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE); values.put(Email.DATA, "ljq218@126.com"); values.put(Email.TYPE, Email.TYPE_WORK); this.getContext().getContentResolver().insert( android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI, values); } /** * 批量添加联系人,处于同一个事务中 */ public void testSave() throws Throwable{ //文档位置:reference\android\provider\ContactsContract.RawContacts.html ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation> ops = new ArrayList<ContentProviderOperation>(); int rawContactInsertIndex = 0; ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(RawContacts.CONTENT_URI) .withValue(RawContacts.ACCOUNT_TYPE, null) .withValue(RawContacts.ACCOUNT_NAME, null) .build()); //文档位置:reference\android\provider\ContactsContract.Data.html ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI) .withValueBackReference(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactInsertIndex) .withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, StructuredName.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE) .withValue(StructuredName.GIVEN_NAME, "lisi") .build()); ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI) .withValueBackReference(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactInsertIndex) .withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Phone.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE) .withValue(Phone.NUMBER, "5556") .withValue(Phone.TYPE, Phone.TYPE_MOBILE) .withValue(Phone.LABEL, "") .build()); ops.add(ContentProviderOperation.newInsert(android.provider.ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI) .withValueBackReference(Data.RAW_CONTACT_ID, rawContactInsertIndex) .withValue(Data.MIMETYPE, Email.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE) .withValue(Email.DATA, "lisi@126.cn") .withValue(Email.TYPE, Email.TYPE_WORK) .build()); ContentProviderResult[] results = this.getContext() .getContentResolver().applyBatch(ContactsContract.AUTHORITY,ops); for (ContentProviderResult result : results) { Log.i(TAG, result.uri.toString()); } } }